Monday, 7 June 2021

Geography Lesson || Class 8 NCERT || English Questions and Answers with Summary || Honeydew

geography lesson
Class 8

Geography Lesson 

Working with the poem 

1. Find three or four phrases in stanza one or two which are likely to occur in a geography lesson.

 Answer: Stanza 1: scaled six inches to a mile

Stanza 2: the country had cities where the rivers ran, the valleys were populated


2. Seen from the window of an Aeroplan, the city appears 

i. As a haphazard as on ground 

ii. As neat as a map

iii. As developed as necessary 


3. Which of the following statements are examples of “the logic of geography”? 

i. There are cities where there are rivers

ii. Cities appear as they are not from six miles above the ground. 

iii. It is easy to understand why valleys are populated. 

iv. It is difficult to understand why humans hate and kill one another. 

v. The earth is round, and it has more sea than land. 


4. Mention two things that are: 

i. Clear from the height: 

Answer: From the height of the Aeroplane, it is clear why valleys are populated, that there are more seas than land

ii. Not clear from the height: 

Answer: But from the height of the Aeroplane, it is not clear why men on earth hate each other, and why they have built walls across the cities.

Geography Lesson  

Full Poem with Summary
When the jet sprang into the sky,
It was clear why the city
Had developed the way it had,
Seeing it scaled six inches to the mile.
There seemed an inevitability about what on
Ground had looked haphazard, unplanned 
And without style
 When the jet sprang into the sky.
When the jet reached ten thousand feet,
It was clear why the country,
Had cities where the rivers ran
And why the valleys were populated. The logic
Of geography
That land and water attracted man
Was clearly delineated
When the jet reached ten thousand feet.
When the jet rose six miles high,
It was clear the earth was round
And that it had more sea than land.
But it was difficult to understand
That the men on the earth found
Causes to hate each other, to build
Walls across cities and to kill.
From that height,it was not clear why.


In this poem "Geography Path" the poet tries to convey the message of humanity through the logic of geography. The poet recently had the experience of traveling by air. The jet he was in slowly rose to a height of six miles above the ground. This journey was no ordinary journey for the poet as there was a lot to learn in this journey.

Firstly, when the jet soared high into the sky, it revealed many of the fundamentals of a geography lesson. The poet clearly understood the measurement and measurement methods of geography. Random looking cities on Earth are essentially set for the survival of mankind. 

Soon, the jet achieved an altitude of ten thousand feet. The poet opened his senses further to understand the deeper lessons of geography. From that height, the poet gained knowledge about the logic of geography. He understood that mankind developed cities near rivers and more populated in valleys. He also noted a lesson that land and water attracted men to settle civilizations. 

The jet eventually reached an altitude of six miles. At this height, the author explained the secret principles of geography. He clearly learned that the Earth is round. Earth's surface is covered by more sea than land. But the poet still could not understand the reason behind existence of human despises. People living on earth have created boundaries and walls and erected differences in the form of race and countries.

 Geography Lesson Summary in Hindi

इस कविता "जियोग्रीफी लेसन" में कवि भूगोल के तर्क के माध्यम से मानवता का संदेश देने की कोशिश करता है। कवि को हाल ही में हवाई यात्रा करने का अनुभव हुआ। वह जिस जेट में था वह धीरे-धीरे जमीन से छह मील की ऊंचाई तक उड़ गया। कवि के लिए यह यात्रा कोई साधारण यात्रा नहीं थी क्योंकि इस यात्रा में बहुत कुछ सीखने को था। 

सबसे पहले, जब जेट ने आसमान में ऊंची छलांग लगाई, तो इसने भूगोल के पाठ की कई बुनियादी बातों का खुलासा किया। भूगोल की मापन विधियों को कवि ने स्पष्ट रूप से समझा। पृथ्वी पर बेतरतीब दिखने वाले शहर अनिवार्य रूप से मानव जाति के अस्तित्व के लिए निर्धारित हैं। 

 जल्द ही, जेट ने दस हजार फीट की ऊंचाई हासिल कर ली। भूगोल के गहरे पाठों को समझने के लिए कवि ने अपनी इंद्रियों को और अधिक खोला। उस ऊंचाई से, कवि ने भूगोल के तर्क के बारे में ज्ञान प्राप्त किया। वह समझ गया था कि मानव जाति ने नदियों के पास शहरों का विकास किया है और घाटियों में अधिक आबादी है। उन्होंने एक सबक भी नोट किया कि भूमि और पानी ने सभ्यताओं को बसाने के लिए मानवो को आकर्षित किया। 

जेट आखिरकार छह मील की ऊंचाई पर पहुंच गया। इस ऊंचाई पर, लेखक ने भूगोल के गुप्त सिद्धांतों का ज्ञान प्राप्त किया। उन्होंने स्पष्ट रूप से सीखा कि पृथ्वी गोल है। पृथ्वी की सतह भूमि से अधिक समुद्र से ढकी है।

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