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Tuesday, 7 April 2020

Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat class 8 Assam English Question Answer, NCERT solutions

LESSON 4 ENGLISH (CLASS 8 ASSAM )
DOKCHORY LEARNS ABOUT THE PANCHYAT

Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat class 8 Assam English Question Answer, NCERT solutions

Dokchory Learns About the Panchayat

DOKCHARY LEARNS ABOUT THE PANCHAYAT ALL QUESTION AND ANSWER


WORDS AND THEIR MEANINGS 

Institutions - an organization or society
Elections    -  the exercise through which we vote for new leaders
Sincerity     -   devotion to a purpose
Differently-abled -having a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for a person to do all the work that other people do
Schemes  - plans
Substantial - large in size or amount
Rural - relating to a village or the countryside
Tax   - The money citizens of a country have to pay the government to help it do different kinds of work
Quarrel  -  Angry dispute, unfriendly relations with someone
Governance  - Manner of Governing or ruling


2. Follow Textbook Question No.2

(a) Dokchory studies in class Eight(viii).
(b) The name of her school is Disangmukh Janajati High School.
(c) Her father's name is Konke Mili.
(d) He works in the Panchayat office.
(e) Dokchory goes to school by Bicycle.
(f) She loves the ride because she gets to know new things every day.
(g) To contest the panchayat elections, one has to be above 21(twenty-one) years old.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=io.kodular.theinfobell.Educately_Assam


3.  Questions
Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat class 8





 3.(a) What was the meaning of Panchayat long ago?
Answer(a): Panchayat meant a system of governance by five elderly men called Panch Gramin Pramukh. 

Class 8, Lesson 4 Maths in Assamese Medium
3.(b) What is the meaning of Panchayat now?

Answer(b): Nowadays, anyone who is above 21 can contest Panchayat elections. Panchayat means a body that is responsible for the development of villages. Panchayat is a very important institution for social change.  The Constitution of India grants power to the Panchayat to raise taxes, plan development schemes, and work for local development.
3.(c) What kind of work is done by the Panchayat?

Answer(c): Panchayat works for the development of the village, builds and repairs rural roads, houses for the poor, and so on.

3.(d) From where does the Panchayat get money to perform all its work?
Answer(d): To perform all its work The panchayat raises money from taxes on vehicles, river ghats, bazaars, and beels, etc. Panchayat also gets an annual grant from the Panchayat and Rural Development Department of the Government.

3.(e) How did the Panchayat help Dhaniram?
Answer(e): Panchayat helped Dhaniram by building a house for him.

3.(f) How did Dhaniram spend the cold December nights?
Answer(f): Dhaniram spends the bitterly cold December nights on the open verandah of the school building.



4.Questions
                            
                            THE PANCHAYAT

Meaning: Panchayat Meant a system of governance by five elderly men called Panch Gramin Pramukh.

Minimum Age to Contest: 21 years

Powers Of a Panchayat: The Constitution of India grants power to the Panchayat to raise taxes, plan development schemes, and work for local development.

Kind of Work a Panchayat does: Panchayat works for the development of the village, social change, build and repair rural roads, bridges, houses for the poor, and so on.

Sources of Money: The Panchayat raises a little money from taxes on vehicles, rivers ghats, bazaars, and bells, etc. Panchayat also gets an annual grant from the Panchayat and Rural Development Department of the Government.


5.Questions

Imagine that your turn to deliver a speech for the morning assembly is tomorrow. Prepare your own speech using Dokchory's example, and present it in the class. 

-your teacher will ask each student to deliver the speech one by one.

Good morning! 
Respected Principal, teachers, parents, and my dear friends. I am Anshu Giri. Today I am going to talk about First prime minister of our independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad. He is so known as the architect of our nation. He was deeply influenced by the Father of our nation Mahatma Gandhiji. He was a great freedom fighter who led India in its fight against the British rule. After serving the nation he died on 27th 1964. His life story is a source of inspiration for all of us.

6. Discuss in small groups:

(a) If you want to help the needy, would it be fine to do it immediately? Why or why not?

Answer: If any person is in need, I will help needy person immediately because, if I will help them in their hard times, it will help them to tackle their hard situation and will able to lead their future life happily. 

(b) How would you like to help a person with special needs? Share your ideas in your group.

Answer: I would help by providing their basics need, like foods, shelter, clothes and by donating a sufficient amount of money by which they will overcome their problems and lead their life happily.

(c) Did Konke Mili Plan the right thing to help Dhaniram ? Give more suggestions.

Answer: Yes Konke Mili did all the rights things to help Dhaniram by building a house and providing all his basics needs.
Here I would like to suggest that, Konke Mili should have also provided a job for Dhaniram according to his Capability.

7. Dokchory will work for the panchayat when she finishes school. Write a paragraph on what you will do for your village or town when you grow up.

Answer: I want my city to be counted as a smart city. For that, I can do anything for the development of my city. I want big schools, hospitals and other facilities to be inbuilt in my city. I know that for this purpose a huge amount of money is required. But, our leaders have the capacity to do the magical change. In order to develop my city, I may even contest in an election so that I can serve my best for my city.




9. Say the words in the box aloud:

(a) Panchayat
(b) Child
(c) Dokchory
(d) much
(e) change 
(f) Panch

Answer - Chores, 
Did you notice that they all have the sound ch?

Now, find other words from the lesson which have similar ch sound in them. Write them in your note. Add a few more and practice saying them aloud.

10. Here is a crossword puzzle for you to find out the adjectives in the puzzle to fill up the blanks on the right. One is done for you.
Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat class 8 Assam English Question Answer, NCERT solutions
Dokchory Question No. 10

(a) Open Verandah
(b) Elderly grant
(c) rural roads
(d) good institution
(e) important things
(g) social change
(g) bitter questions
(h) Very cold

11.Answers

(a) diary: a record  of every day's events or thoughts
     dairy: a place where milk is produced to make different milk products.

(b) Weather: temperature of a place
       Whether: Expressing a doubt

(c) Lake: a large area of water
      Like: Similar to

(d) Wash: to make something clean by using water
       Wish: to want something to happen

(e) New: fresh, not old or used
        Now: The present time 

 SUMMARY OF DOKCHORY LEARNS ABOUT THE PANCHAYAT

Dokchory Learns about the Panchayat is a story of a Young girl named Dokchory. The title of the lesson itself gives us a hint about the lesson. This lesson will give you knowledge about the Meaning of Panchayat long ago and now, work of panchayat, panchayat sources of money, powers of a panchayat, the minimum age to contest, and many more.
Dokchory is a student of class 8, of Disangmukh Janajati high school. Dokchory's father’s name is Konke Mili. She calls her Ba-bu(father). Her father takes her to school on his bicycle as she loves the bicycle ride. She loves the bicycle ride because she gets to know new things every day on her way to school.
This story is a conversation between Dokchory and her father on their way to school. Dokchory asks her father many things related to Panchayat.
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