Tuesday 14 April 2020

Class 10 Grammar | Narration | Question Bank 2020 | HSLC | SEBA | ASSAM

Class 10 Grammar | Narration | Question Bank 2020 | HSLC | SEBA | ASSAM

Class 10 Grammar | Narration | Question Bank 2020 | HSLC | SEBA | ASSAM


Narration is all about way of presenting a third person's statement in two different ways. It involves reporting of other people's speech or a particular comment to some different group of audience. Following a circular path the statement made by a speaker reaches to the end audience through a reporter. It can be done in two ways. The first way is all about expressing the view in direct way, that is, quoting the statement without altering the person of the original speaker. This process is called direct narration.
The other process is reporting the statement with symmetrical context of the speaker but with alteration of the person to the third form. This is known as indirect way of narration.


The SEBA board asks in HSLC Examination for alteration of narration. Let's check us a sample from the papers of 2015.

Change the form of narration of the followings: 1X2=2

1. H.S.L.C. 2015 | NARRATION | CLASS 10 SEBA

a. “What a beautiful building!” he said.
He exclaimed that the building was very beautiful.

b. She proposed that we should go for a walk.
Please try it yourself

Altering the narration has to be done according to the golden rules of English grammar. The first rule to be remembered for making changes in narration is that you will have to identify two clauses of the sentence. The first part before inverted comma and the second part after the inverted comma. The first part is called reporting clause and the second part is named as reported clause.
For example; John said to Tillie, "Help me finish up my assignment on CSS." 
In this sentence, [John said to Tillie] is the reporting clause and [Help me finish up my assignment on CSS] is the reported clause.

Now we will check the questions asked in HSLC 2016

2. H.S.L.C. 2016 | NARRATION | CLASS 10 SEBA

a. “Can you drive a car?”, I said to Rahim.
Please try it at home

b. The stranger asked me if I could tell him the way to post
Do by yourself.

After identifying the clauses you will have to check for two distinct verbs, namely the reporting verb and reported verb. For example; I said to Smith, "Your have generated a well designed excel sheet."
Here, the reporting verb is said and the reported verb is 'generate'.

If the reporting verb is in present tense form, then your work load will not be more. You will have to do minor changes in the reported clause like changing the person of the speaker to the third form of person etc.
Let's pause for a while and read out the questions that came in 2018

3. H.S.L.C. 2018 | NARRATION | CLASS 10 SEBA

a. Rahim said to me, “Do you know the man standing at the
Rahim asked me if I knew the man standing at the gate.

b. The young man told me that he had come from Jorhat to
work in Guwahati.
The young man said to me, “I have come from Jorhat to
work in Guwahati.”

Your work load will increase if the reporting verb is in past form. If it is in past form then, the reported verb will adapt accordingly. For example if it is in the simple present tense, then it will change to simple past form in indirect narration. You will have to check for whole list to understand what form of tense will revert to what form in indirect speech.

4. H.S.L.C. 2019 | NARRATION | CLASS 10 SEBA

a. She asked me why the teacher had punished me.
She said to me, “Why has the teacher punished you?”

b. Anita said to Ravi, “Please lend me your pen.”
Anita requested Ravi to lend her his pen.

After altering the tense forms accordingly you will have to now focus on interchanging some other bunches in the reported clause. You will have to alter the adverb of times. Like 'now' will be rewritten as 'then'.

5. H.S.L.C. 2020 | NARRATION | CLASS 10 SEBA
a. Rashid asked me if I knew Rahim.
Rashid said to me, “Do you know Rahim?”

b. Mother said to me, “What will you do after the
Mother asked me what I would do after the examination

Along with the reported clause, some changes also occur in the reporting clause. If the reporting verb is followed by a 'to', for example, 'said to' will be reentered as 'told' in case of assertive sentence. In case of interrogative sentence, it will be written as 'ask'.
The different kinds of sentences: assertive, interrogative, imperative, exclamatory sentences have their own rules to alter the form of narration.
The point to be remembered is that while converting from indirect to direct the reverse order shall be adhered.